Wto Environment Agreement
As part of the Doha Development Agenda, the Standing Committee is also examining the impact of environmental measures on market access, the Agreement on Intellectual Property and Biodiversity and labelling for environmental purposes. These negotiations aim to reaffirm the importance for trade and environmental policy to work together in the interests of both. They focus on how WTO rules should be applied to WTO Members that are parties to environmental agreements, in particular to clarify the relationship between certain trade measures under environmental agreements and WTO rules.  This mercantilist statement is not synonymous with predicting the welfare effects of trade liberalization of environmental goods for developing countries. A reduction in import tariffs is expected to increase the well-being of low-income countries. There are currently more than 250 multilateral environmental agreements (TAs) dealing with various environmental issues. About 20 of them contain provisions that can affect trade. For example, they may include measures prohibiting trade in certain species or products or allowing countries to restrict trade in certain circumstances. Environmental protection measures come in various forms. Under WTO rules, which have been confirmed by WTO jurisprudence, Members may, under certain conditions, take trade-related measures to protect the environment.
The optimal use of the world`s resources in line with the objective of sustainable development and the will to protect and preserve the environment are fundamental to the WTO. These objectives, enshrined in the preamble to the Marrakesh Agreement, go hand in hand with the WTO`s objective of eliminating barriers to trade and eliminating discriminatory treatment in international trade relations. For WTO Members, the objectives of maintaining and achieving an open and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, on the one hand, and of promoting the environment and the promotion of sustainable development, on the other, can and should be mutually supportive. The high number of NTMs in Figure 3 of the APEC list for the high-income group confirms the observation that environmental objectives become more important as per capita income increases. In addition, the average number of non-US NTMs and barriers is lower and similar across all groups on the EPP list, suggesting that developing countries would face fewer barriers if the EPP list were adopted. 1. First, the countries concerned should strive to work together to prevent environmental damage. In general, WTO Members are convinced that an open, equitable and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system can make an important contribution to national and international efforts to better protect and conserve environmental resources and promote sustainable development. This was recognized in the outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio in 1992 (Earth Summit) and its successor in 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg. .