Set Off Agreement
A credit clearing clause is often included in a credit agreement between a borrower and the bank in which they hold other assets, for example. B money in a chequing, savings or money market account or a certificate of deposit. The borrower undertakes to make these assets available to the lender in the event of default. When assets are held with this lender, the lender can more easily access them to cover a defaulted payment. However, a set-off clause may also include rights to the assets of other institutions. While these assets are not easily accessible to the lender, the set-off clause gives the lender the contractual agreement to seize them when a borrower is late. Clearing clauses are most frequently used in credit agreements between lenders such as banks and their borrowers. They can also be used for other types of transactions in which a party is exposed to the risk of default, for example. B in the case of a contract between a manufacturer and a purchaser of its products. The Truth in Lending Act prohibits non-payment clauses from applying to credit card transactions; This protects consumers who refuse to pay for defective goods purchased with their cards using what is known as a retrobook. Set-off is a legal event and, therefore, the legal basis is necessary for the event that two or more gross claims are set off. Among these legal bases, one of the common forms is the legal defense of compensation, which was originally introduced to avoid the unfair situation where a person („Party A”) who owed money to another party („Party B”) can be sent to detention, although Party B also owes money to Party A. The law therefore allows both parties to defer payment until their respective rights are judged.
It worked as a just shield, but not as a sword. By the decision, both claims are extinguished and are affected by a single net amount due (for example: If Part A owes Part B 100 and Part B Part A 105, both amounts are offset and replaced by a single commitment of 5 from Part B to Part A). Compensation can also be made by contractual agreement, so that in the event of late payment by a party, the sums reciprocally due are automatically deducted and erased. A netting contract is a contract that includes a set-off clause, a legal provision allowing a lender to seize a debtor`s deposits in the event of a delay in a loan. As a rule, set-off clauses are used in credit agreements between lenders and borrowers. They can also be used in other sectors of the industry where there may be a risk of default, for example. B in manufacturing. Similar methods of external clearing exist for the provision of standardised arrangements in market trading with regard to derivatives and securities lending, such as stocks, futures or options.  As a result, netting avoids the valuation of future and potential debts by a receiver and prevents receivers from meeting enforcement obligations, as permitted by certain legal systems such as the United States and the United Kingdom.  The reduced systemic risk induced by a close-out system is protected by law. .