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Standstill Agreement With Pakistan

On September 4, 1947, General Henry Lawrence Scott, commander of Jammu and Kashmir state forces, complained of several covert attacks from Pakistan and called on the Maharaja government to address the issue with Pakistan. On the same day, Prime Minister J-K, Janak Singh, formally complained to Pakistan and called for „rapid action”. A young lawyer and landowner from Poonch, Sardar Ibrahim Khan, a member of the Jammu-Kashmir Legislature, who had been a law officer under the Maharajah, presented himself as the leader of the Poonch liberation movement. He united the various factions in Poonch and kept in touch with some of the key figures of the Pakistan Muslim League, including Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan. He played an important role in the formation of an „Azad Kashmir” government in Rawalpindi. But in the 12 days following the signing of the status quo agreement with Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan wrote a warning to The Maharaja on 24 August: „For Maharaja of Kashmir, it is time for him to make his choice and vote for Pakistan. If Kashmir does not arrive in Pakistan, the greatest difficulties will inevitably arise. A status quo agreement was an agreement signed between the new independent lords of India and Pakistan and the princely states of the Anglo-Indian Empire before they were integrated into the new reigns. The form of the agreement was bilateral between a government and a spring state. It provided that all administrative agreements between the British crown and the State would remain unchanged between the signatory regime (India or Pakistan) and the spring state until new agreements were concluded. [1] The state of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering India and Pakistan, has decided to remain independent. She offered to sign status quo agreements with both gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India called for further talks. UN mediation in Kashmir and referendum: the UN Security Council adopted its first resolution 39 on 17 January 1948 and the UN Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) was set up.

Resolution 47 was adopted on 21 April 1948. In addition to the cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of all troops, the UNSC called for a grassroots initiative, overseen by the United Nations, in the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, under the leadership of a plebiscite administrator, to determine the aspirations of the people. In January 1949, another resolution was adopted, citing the requirements for a plebiscite from which Pakistan withdrew its troops from the region. To date, Pakistan has not implemented its clauses. On August 12, 1947, J-K entered into a status quo agreement with India and Pakistan and stated: „Jammu and the Government of Kashmir would welcome a status quo agreement with the Indian Union/Pakistan on all matters on which there are agreements with the outgoing government of British India.” According to K.M Munshi, appointed India`s general agent in Hyderabad, the Indians felt that the conclusion of a status quo agreement with Hyderabad meant that India had lost control of Hyderabad`s affairs. The Hyderabad State Congress opposed it because it was seen by the Indian government as a sign of weakness. [16] V. P. Menon stated that Nizam and his advisers viewed the agreement as a respite from which Indian troops would be withdrawn and the state could establish its position to maintain its independence. [17] The complex history of the state – part of which is so well listed in this chronicle – requires that it be treated with light contact, not with a ram. Meanwhile, Pakistan interpreted the fact that the J-K silence agreements with India were pending as meaning that the state would eventually join Pakistan.

THE FIRST KASHMIR FUT „CEASEFIRE LINE”: after the signing of the accession instrument, the first war between India and Pakistan for Jammu and Kashmir took place from 1947 to 1948.

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